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——对巴西圣保罗州PPP项目信息公开的参与式观察

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年06月17日 17:39:27
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无极3龙虎和平台直属招商客服QQ【7915✷171】诚招代理龙虎和龙虎1赔2.211合1赔9.95,定位胆1赔9.95腾讯5,10分欢乐生肖,最高返水100反9快,最高赔率,正规信誉大平台平台24h提供注册及登录。——对巴西圣保罗州PPP项目信息公开的参与式观察

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(一)(、PPP信)(息)(公)(开)(:公)(开)(是)(一)(种)(规)(则)(、而)(保)(密)(是)(例)(外)(
PPP作)(为)(通)(过)(政)(府)(与)(社)(会)(资)(本)(签)(约)(来)(达)(成)(的)(公)(共)(服)(务)(供)(给)(方)(式)(,更)(需)(要)(通)(过)(全)(过)(程)(的)(信)(息)(公)(开)(,来)(推)(动)(公)(私)(合)(作)(,增)(加)(透)(明)(度)(、便)(于)(问)(责)(和)(改)(善)(管)(理)((OECD,2008)。
本)(文)(通)(过)(评)(估)(巴)(西)(一)(个)(具)(体)(PPP项)(目)(的)(信)(息)(公)(开)(情)(况)(,探)(讨)(巴)(西)(PPP项)(目)(的)(信)(息)(公)(开)(的)(建)(设)(及)(其)(对)(中)(国)(的)(借)(鉴)(。这)(一)(选)(题)(出)(于)(以)(下)(考)(虑)(。第)(一)(,中)(国)(PPP的)(发)(展)(,开)(始)(注)(重)(信)(息)(公)(开)(体)(系)(的)(建)(设)(。因)(此)(,学)(习)(他)(国)(尤)(其)(是)(同)(等)(发)(展)(阶)(段)(国)(家)(的)(PPP信)(息)(公)(开)(经)(验)(和)(教)(训)(对)(中)(国)(PPP信)(息)(公)(开)(实)(践)(是)(大)(有)(裨)(益)(。其)(次)(,了)(解)(巴)(西)(的)(PPP信)(息)(公)(开)(状)(况)(,有)(助)(于)(中)(国)(和)(巴)(西)(的)(PPP合)(作)(。在)(2017年)(第)(二)(次)(金)(砖)(国)(家)(财)(长)(和)(银)(行)(行)(长)(会)(议)(中)(,金)(砖)(五)(国)(在)(财)(金)(领)(域)(达)(成)(六)(项)(重)(要)(共)(识)(,其)(中)(之)(一)(就)(是)(正)(式)(建)(立)(政)(府)(和)(社)(会)(资)(本)(合)(作)((PPP)领)(域)(合)(作)(框)(架)(,包)(括)(制)(定)(《金)(砖)(国)(家)(PPP良)(好)(实)(践)(》以)(及)(设)(立)(工)(作)(组)(研)(究)(金)(砖)(国)(家)(开)(展)(PPP合)(作)(的)(具)(体)(方)(式)(。同)(为)(发)(展)(中)(国)(家)(和)(金)(砖)(国)(家)(,巴)(西)(PPP发)(展)(及)(信)(息)(公)(开)(实)(践)(于)(中)(国)(先)(行)(一)(步)(,它)(早)(在)(2004年)(就)(颁)(布)(“联)(邦)(PPP法)(”(FederalPPPLaw);在)(2012年)(颁)(布)(“联)(邦)(信)(息)(获)(得)(法)(”(LawofAccesstoInformation),迫)(使)(公)(共)(机)(构)(认)(为)(公)(开)(是)(一)(种)(规)(则)(,而)(保)(密)(是)(例)(外)(;在)(2014年)(颁)(布)(法)(律)(建)(立)(公)(共)(部)(门)(与)(社)(会)(之)(间)(的)(合)(作)(框)(架)(。因)(此)(,从)(巴)(西)(PPP信)(息)(公)(开)(实)(践)(中)(汲)(取)(经)(验)(和)(启)(示)(,对)(金)(砖)(国)(家)(间)(PPP合)(作)(是)(非)(常)(重)(要)(的)(。
二)(、信)(息)(公)(开)(:信)(息)(可)(见)(与)(可)(达)(
基)(于)(Michener和)(Bersch(2013)对)(信)(息)(透)(明)((信)(息)(公)(开)()的)(界)(定)(,信)(息)(公)(开)(具)(有)(两)(个)(条)(件)(:信)(息)(的)(可)(见)(性)((visibility)与)(信)(息)(的)(可)(达)(性)((inferability)。信)(息)(的)(可)(见)(性)(指)(的)(是)(信)(息)(相)(对)(完)(整)(并)(相)(对)(容)(易)(被)(发)(现)(,这)(关)(乎)(信)(息)(数)(量)(。换)(言)(之)(,放)(在)(公)(共)(领)(域)(的)(信)(息)(,并)(不)(意)(味)(着)(其)(是)(可)(见)(的)(。要)(达)(到)(可)(见)(性)(的)(标)(准)(,信)(息)(首)(先)(必)(须)(具)(有)(高)(度)(的)(完)(整)(性)(,而)(非)(支)(离)(破)(碎)(。换)(言)(之)(,可)(见)(性)(差)(意)(味)(着)(受)(众)(难)(以)(看)(到)(完)(整)(的)(画)(面)(。现)(实)(中)(,受)(众)(往)(往)(很)(难)(知)(道)(什)(么)(时)(候)(信)(息)(是)(完)(整)(的)(或)(并)(没)(有)(展)(示)(,只)(能)(通)(过)(研)(究)(和)(调)(查)(才)(能)(解)(决)(。信)(息)(可)(见)(性)(还)(包)(含)(第)(二)(个)(特)(征)(,即)(信)(息)(容)(易)(被)(找)(到)(。信)(息)(完)(整)(并)(不)(意)(味)(着)(它)(容)(易)(被)(找)(到)(,正)(如)(我)(们)(在)(干)(草)(堆)(中)(寻)(找)(掉)(落)(的)(一)(根)(针)(一)(样)(。因)(此)(,信)(息)(可)(见)(性)(要)(求)(信)(息)(容)(易)(被)(找)(到)(。这)(一)(特)(征)(对)(信)(息)(的)(存)(放)(空)(间)(和)(发)(布)(渠)(道)(提)(出)(了)(要)(求)(。信)(息)(的)(可)(达)(性)(指)(的)(可)(见)(的)(信)(息)(能)(够)(被)(用)(来)(得)(出)(精)(确)(的)(推)(论)(,关)(乎)(信)(息)(的)(质)(量)(。信)(息)(可)(达)(性)(要)(求)(信)(息)(可)(以)(被)(分)(解)(、被)(证)(实)(与)(被)(简)(化)(。首)(先)(,信)(息)(可)(被)(分)(解)(指)(的)(是)(信)(息)(或)(数)(据)(是)(原)(始)(数)(据)(,能)(够)(被)(更)(容)(易)(再)(使)(用)(。这)(使)(得)(研)(究)(公)(开)(数)(据)(的)(专)(家)(能)(够)(验)(证)(和)(简)(化)(信)(息)(,通)(过)(多)(重)(引)(用)(或)(创)(造)(可)(视)(化)(,提)(供)(给)(更)(广)(大)(的)(受)(众)(。信)(息)(可)(分)(解)(还)(要)(求)(信)(息)(公)(开)(载)(体)(不)(是)(封)(闭)(的)(格)(式)(,例)(如)(无)(法)(被)(电)(脑)(处)(理)(的)(纸)(质)(版)(或)(照)(片)(。其)(次)(,信)(息)(是)(可)(验)(证)(的)(。通)(过)(验)(证)(,尤)(其)(是)(第)(三)(方)(验)(证)(,信)(息)(可)(达)(性)(程)(度)(也)(获)(得)(进)(一)(步)(提)(高)(。第)(三)(,信)(息)(是)(简)(化)(的)(,更)(容)(易)(被)(理)(解)(,即)(用)(户)(友)(好)(。例)(如)(,关)(于)(污)(染)(的)(原)(始)(数)(据)(,通)(过)(评)(分)(的)(方)(式)(,使)(其)(能)(够)(被)(门)(外)(汉)(所)(理)(解)(。但)(是)(,另)(一)(方)(面)(来)(说)(,信)(息)(过)(度)(简)(化)(可)(能)(会)(牺)(牲)(信)(息)(的)(准)(确)(性)(。因)(此)(,信)(息)(简)(化)(程)(度)(需)(要)(考)(虑)(信)(息)(生)(产)(者)(及)(其)(目)(标)(受)(众)(的)(需)(求)(和)(能)(力)(。
我)(们)(根)(据)(该)(项)(目)(的)(情)(况)(,针)(对)(可)(见)(性)(和)(可)(达)(性)(两)(个)(条)(件)(的)(特)(征)(,发)(展)(出)(具)(体)(的)(PPP信)(息)(公)(开)(的)(评)(估)(指)(标)(体)(系)((表)(1)。
表)(1基)(于)(可)(见)(性)(与)(可)(达)(性)(的)(PPP信)(息)(公)(开)(评)(估)(指)(标)(体)(系)(
资)(料)(来)(源)(:Michener,GandBersch,K.(2013).Identifyingtransparency.InformationPolity,18(3),pp.233-242.
三)(、对)(巴)(西)(圣)(保)(罗)(州)(鲍)(里)(斯)(塔)(项)(目)(PPP信)(息)(公)(开)(的)(参)(与)(式)(观)(察)(
在)(巴)(西)(,赋)(予)(公)(众)(获)(取)(信)(息)(权)(利)(的)(法)(律)(为)(“信)(息)(获)(取)(法)(”(LawofAccesstoInformation,编)(号)(为)(12.527/2011),简)(称)(“LAI”,于)(2012年)(5月)(生)(效)(。LAI旨)(在)(推)(动)(和)(形)(成)(政)(府)(公)(开)(透)(明)(的)(文)(化)(。它)(在)(联)(邦)(宪)(法)(的)(授)(权)(下)(,规)(定)(保)(障)(信)(息)(权)(利)(的)(程)(序)(,迫)(使)(公)(共)(机)(构)(认)(为)(公)(开)(是)(一)(种)(规)(则)(,而)(保)(密)(是)(例)(外)(。政)(府)(有)(责)(任)(以)(一)(种)(简)(单)(易)(懂)(的)(方)(式)(,例)(如)(网)(站)(、在)(线)(平)(台)(等)(公)(布)(信)(息)(,并)(方)(便)(市)(民)(索)(取)(信)(息)(。巴)(西)(的)(信)(息)(公)(开)(途)(径)(有)(两)(种)(。一)(种)(是)(主)(动)(公)(开)((proactivedisclosure),另)(一)(种)(是)(依)(申)(请)(公)(开)((reactivedisclosure)。主)(动)(公)(开)(指)(的)(是)(公)(共)(机)(构)(产)(生)(或)(维)(护)(的)(有)(关)(公)(共)(利)(益)(的)(信)(息)(,无)(论)(要)(求)(如)(何)(,都)(应)(予)(以)(公)(布)(。依)(申)(请)(公)(开)(指)(的)(是)(在)(没)(有)(积)(极)(公)(开)(信)(息)(的)(情)(况)(下)(,任)(何)(感)(兴)(趣)(的)(人)(都)(可)(以)(通)(过)(公)(民)(服)(务)(网)(站)((websiteofcitizenservice)向)(公)(共)(部)(门)(提)(交)(有)(关)(获)(取)(信)(息)(的)(申)(请)(。除)(非)(能)(够)(基)(于)(适)(当)(的)(法)(律)(给)(出)(有)(效)(的)(理)(由)(来)(拒)(绝)(公)(开)(此)(信)(息)(,公)(共)(部)(门)(必)(须)(在)(20天)(时)(间)(内)(以)(令)(人)(满)(意)(的)(、易)(于)(理)(解)(的)(方)(式)(回)(复)(该)(申)(请)(,在)(第)(一)(次)(期)(限)(到)(期)(前)(,可)(以)(以)(正)(当)(理)(由)(延)(长)(10天)(。
巴)(西)(圣)(保)(罗)(州)(于)(2015年)(颁)(布)(法)(令)(61.371/2015,规)(定)(了)(私)(人)(部)(门)(或)(公)(共)(部)(门)(提)(交)(的)(项)(目)(可)(行)(性)(报)(告)(的)(透)(明)(流)(程)(。在)(这)(一)(法)(令)(的)(指)(引)(下)(,圣)(保)(罗)(州)(在)(信)(息)(公)(开)(方)(面)(进)(行)(创)(新)(,成)(立)(圣)(保)(罗)(州)(合)(作)(电)(子)(平)(台)((DigitalplatformofpartnershipoftheStateofSaoPaulo),接)(收)(并)(处)(理)(来)(自)(于)(政)(府)(或)(私)(人)(部)(门)(项)(目)(提)(议)(,并)(对)(项)(目)(进)(行)(信)(息)(公)(开)(,进)(一)(步)(提)(高)(项)(目)(的)(透)(明)(度)(,加)(强)(政)(府)(与)(私)(人)(部)(门)(和)(公)(众)(互)(动)(。
圣)(保)(罗)(州)(中)(西)(部)(的)(鲍)(里)(斯)(塔)(公)(路)(特)(许)(权)(项)(目)(是)(在)(法)(令)(61.371/2015下)(的)(第)(一)(个)(项)(目)(。截)(至)(本)(文)(写)(作)(之)(时)(,鲍)(里)(斯)(塔)(项)(目)(刚)(完)(成)(项)(目)(招)(标)(。基)(于)(可)(见)(性)(和)(可)(达)(性)(所)(建)(立)(的)(评)(估)(指)(标)(体)(系)(,我)(们)(检)(验)(该)(项)(目)(在)(预)(备)(阶)(段)(、建)(模)(阶)(段)(、听)(证)(会)(和)(公)(众)(咨)(询)(阶)(段)(以)(及)(招)(标)(阶)(段)(的)(信)(息)(公)(开)(情)(况)(。
预)(备)(阶)(段)(信)(息)(公)(开)(包)(括)(主)(动)(公)(开)(的)(项)(目)(介)(绍)(展)(示)(、授)(予)(高)(速)(公)(路)(特)(许)(经)(营)(权)(的)(法)(令)(,以)(及)(被)(动)(公)(开)(的)(项)(目)(基)(础)(性)(倡)(议)(书)(。预)(备)(阶)(段)(的)(主)(要)(任)(务)(在)(于)(考)(量)(项)(目)(倡)(议)(者)(所)(提)(出)(的)(项)(目)(规)(划)(是)(否)(值)(得)(进)(一)(步)(论)(证)(。从)(公)(众)(问)(责)(的)(角)(度)(来)(看)(,公)(众)(最)(为)(关)(心)(的)(是)(项)(目)(倡)(议)(的)(必)(要)(性)(和)(合)(法)(性)(。因)(此)(,项)(目)(背)(景)(介)(绍)(以)(及)(项)(目)(倡)(议)(书)(是)(公)(众)(了)(解)(这)(一)(信)(息)(的)(重)(要)(文)(件)(。从)(信)(息)(的)(可)(见)(性)(方)(面)(看)(,圣)(保)(罗)(州)(在)(官)(方)(网)(站)(上)(主)(动)(公)(布)(了)(项)(目)(特)(许)(经)(营)(权)(的)(法)(令)(,以)(及)(项)(目)(背)(景)(的)(介)(绍)(。法)(令)(的)(公)(布)(告)(知)(了)(公)(众)(项)(目)(的)(合)(法)(性)(,背)(景)(介)(绍)(的)(展)(示)(可)(以)(帮)(助)(公)(众)(理)(解)(项)(目)(的)(必)(要)(性)(。并)(且)(,以)(上)(信)(息)(都)(可)(以)(在)(官)(方)(网)(站)(上)(随)(时)(下)(载)(。此)(外)(,通)(过)(申)(请)(,研)(究)(者)(很)(顺)(利)(地)(获)(得)(项)(目)(倡)(议)(书)(,这)(使)(得)(关)(心)(这)(一)(项)(目)(的)(公)(众)(可)(以)(通)(过)(阅)(读)(倡)(议)(书)(,进)(一)(步)(考)(量)(该)(项)(目)(立)(意)(的)(必)(要)(性)(。因)(此)(,这)(一)(阶)(段)(的)(信)(息)(是)(完)(整)(的)(。遗)(憾)(的)(是)(,作)(为)(该)(阶)(段)(最)(重)(要)(的)(了)(解)(项)(目)(信)(息)(的)(项)(目)(倡)(议)(书)(,并)(没)(有)(被)(主)(动)(公)(开)(。尽)(管)(通)(过)(申)(请)(可)(以)(顺)(利)(获)(得)(,但)(这)(种)(被)(动)(公)(开)(的)(方)(式)(,使)(得)(信)(息)(并)(非)(直)(接)(可)(见)(,增)(加)(公)(众)(的)(获)(取)(成)(本)(。不)(熟)(悉)(程)(序)(的)(公)(众)(则)(直)(接)(错)(失)(了)(解)(和)(质)(疑)(项)(目)(的)(机)(会)(。在)(信)(息)(的)(可)(达)(性)(方)(面)(,除)(了)(项)(目)(倡)(议)(书)(,其)(他)(文)(件)(都)(是)(电)(子)(版)(格)(式)(。法)(令)(文)(字)(清)(晰)(易)(读)(,背)(景)(介)(绍)(展)(示)(采)(用)(通)(俗)(易)(懂)(的)(数)(据)(和)(图)(表)(,17页)(的)(内)(容)(翔)(实)(。项)(目)(倡)(议)(书)(有)(34页)(,比)(照)(PPP指)(导)(手)(册)(的)(要)(求)(,该)(倡)(议)(书)(基)(本)(回)(答)(了)(手)(册)(里)(要)(求)(论)(证)(的)(几)(个)(方)(面)(的)(内)(容)(。
建)(模)(阶)(段)(信)(息)(公)(开)(包)(括)(主)(动)(公)(开)(的)(法)(律)(和)(经)(济)(金)(融)(模)(型)(报)(告)(、交)(通)(报)(告)(,以)(及)(被)(动)(公)(开)(的)(工)(程)(报)(告)(、环)(境)(与)(社)(会)(影)(响)(报)(告)(、固)(定)(资)(本)(支)(出)(和)(运)(营)(资)(本)(支)(出)(报)(告)(。建)(模)(阶)(段)(的)(信)(息)(不)(完)(整)(也)(不)(易)(见)(,可)(见)(性)(低)(。首)(先)(,政)(府)(曾)(经)(在)(电)(子)(平)(台)(主)(动)(公)(开)(过)(相)(关)(的)(论)(证)(材)(料)(。对)(于)(投)(标)(者)(而)(言)(,建)(模)(阶)(段)(的)(技)(术)(研)(究)(信)(息)(在)(招)(标)(、合)(同)(及)(附)(件)(等)(文)(件)(中)(都)(明)(确)(列)(出)(,非)(常)(容)(易)(获)(得)(。但)(对)(于)(公)(众)(而)(言)(,他)(们)(无)(法)(在)(公)(开)(听)(证)(和)(公)(众)(咨)(询)(阶)(段)(获)(得)(这)(些)(信)(息)(。而)(当)(公)(众)(可)(以)(获)(得)(这)(些)(信)(息)(时)(,项)(目)(已)(经)(进)(入)(招)(标)(阶)(段)(。而)(且)(,这)(一)(阶)(段)(的)(某)(项)(目)(信)(息)(只)(是)(在)(官)(方)(网)(站)(上)(暂)(时)(公)(开)(,经)(过)(一)(段)(时)(间)(就)(会)(被)(新)(的)(项)(目)(信)(息)(替)(代)(。从)(信)(息)(的)(可)(达)(性)(方)(面)(衡)(量)(,我)(们)(认)(为)(,建)(模)(阶)(段)(的)(信)(息)(由)(于)(具)(有)(专)(业)(性)(和)(技)(术)(性)(,普)(通)(公)(民)(来)(理)(解)(有)(一)(定)(困)(难)(。但)(对)(于)(具)(有)(财)(政)(金)(融)(或)(工)(程)(领)(域)(知)(识)(的)(专)(业)(人)(士)(来)(说)(,这)(些)(文)(件)(提)(供)(的)(信)(息)(是)(非)(常)(巨)(大)(的)(,因)(此)(这)(些)(信)(息)(对)(于)(专)(业)(人)(士)(来)(说)(是)(可)(达)(的)(。
公)(开)(听)(证)(会)(和)(公)(众)(咨)(询)(阶)(段)(信)(息)(公)(开)(包)(括)(主)(动)(公)(开)(的)(邀)(请)(公)(众)(参)(与)(公)(开)(听)(证)(会)(的)(通)(知)(、监)(管)(听)(证)(会)(的)(规)(则)(、公)(民)(用)(于)(参)(与)(听)(证)(会)(的)(注)(册)(登)(记)(表)(、在)(听)(证)(会)(上)(展)(示)(项)(目)(的)(演)(示)(文)(稿)(及)(听)(证)(会)(实)(时)(记)(录)(影)(音)(。从)(信)(息)(可)(见)(性)(方)(面)(观)(察)(,公)(开)(听)(证)(会)(和)(公)(众)(咨)(询)(环)(节)(的)(材)(料)(和)(程)(序)(都)(十)(分)(易)(见)(。鲍)(里)(斯)(塔)(项)(目)(严)(格)(按)(照)(规)(定)(召)(开)(公)(众)(听)(证)(和)(电)(子)(形)(式)(的)(公)(众)(咨)(询)(,公)(开)(听)(证)(会)(在)(项)(目)(牵)(涉)(到)(的)(相)(关)(城)(市)(都)(有)(进)(行)(,是)(有)(诚)(意)(的)(举)(动)(。公)(开)(听)(证)(会)(录)(制)(并)(在)(网)(站)(上)(发)(布)(视)(频)(,使)(得)(该)(信)(息)(可)(以)(被)(更)(多)(人)(所)(了)(解)(。在)(公)(众)(咨)(询)(阶)(段)(,为)(公)(众)(咨)(询)(所)(准)(备)(的)(材)(料)(是)(公)(开)(的)(,在)(多)(个)(官)(方)(网)(站)(上)(发)(布)(,确)(保)(公)(众)(可)(以)(获)(得)(信)(息)(。公)(众)(反)(馈)(意)(见)(的)(渠)(道)(也)(十)(分)(便)(捷)(、简)(单)(,因)(此)(,信)(息)(是)(易)(见)(的)(。遗)(憾)(的)(是)(,在)(信)(息)(完)(整)(性)(方)(面)(不)(令)(人)(完)(全)(满)(意)(。一)(是)(公)(众)(咨)(询)(报)(告)(并)(未)(按)(照)(规)(定)(主)(动)(公)(开)(,而)(是)(在)(作)(者)(申)(请)(公)(开)(后)(才)(获)(得)(。二)(是)(为)(公)(众)(咨)(询)(所)(提)(供)(的)(信)(息)(并)(不)(够)(充)(分)(,仅)(仅)(提)(供)(合)(同)(草)(案)(和)(招)(标)(草)(案)(,缺)(失)(建)(模)(阶)(段)(的)(技)(术)(报)(告)(和)(项)(目)(背)(景)(材)(料)(,使)(得)(公)(众)(很)(难)(从)(自)(身)(立)(场)(去)(考)(虑)(项)(目)(的)(影)(响)(并)(提)(供)(意)(见)(。从)(信)(息)(可)(达)(性)(的)(角)(度)(观)(察)(,信)(息)(都)(具)(有)(可)(分)(解)(性)(,所)(有)(材)(料)(的)(载)(体)(形)(式)(都)(是)(电)(子)(版)(,甚)(至)(是)(视)(频)(。但)(是)(,作)(为)(最)(重)(要)(的)(公)(众)(咨)(询)(报)(告)(的)(信)(息)(量)(十)(分)(单)(薄)(,仅)(仅)(是)(一)(份)(8页)(的)(报)(告)(,通)(过)(图)(表)(和)(数)(字)(,介)(绍)(了)(公)(众)(贡)(献)(意)(见)(的)(数)(量)((大)(约)(480条)()和)(被)(最)(终)(接)(受)(的)(百)(分)(比)((约)(占)(总)(数)(的)(35%),并)(没)(有)(更)(多)(信)(息)(反)(映)(公)(众)(意)(见)(和)(哪)(些)(意)(见)(被)(接)(受)(。人)(们)(无)(法)(了)(解)(公)(众)(咨)(询)(是)(否)(真)(正)(起)(到)(作)(用)(。这)(使)(得)(公)(众)(咨)(询)(阶)(段)(尽)(管)(程)(序)(透)(明)(,但)(实)(质)(并)(不)(透)(明)(。
招)(标)(阶)(段)(信)(息)(公)(开)(包)(括)(主)(动)(公)(开)(的)(正)(式)(招)(标)(文)(件)(及)(附)(件)(、介)(绍)(招)(标)(的)(演)(讲)(文)(稿)(、合)(同)(协)(议)(及)(附)(件)(、问)(询)(报)(告)(、注)(意)(事)(项)(、会)(议)(纪)(要)(、官)(方)(决)(策)(等)(。招)(标)(阶)(段)(的)(信)(息)(主)(动)(公)(开)(十)(分)(全)(面)(,显)(示)(出)(政)(府)(积)(极)(主)(动)(地)(与)(潜)(在)(竞)(标)(者)(建)(立)(密)(切)(关)(系)(,使)(招)(标)(过)(程)(更)(加)(透)(明)(和)(高)(效)(。因)(此)(,在)(招)(标)(阶)(段)(,信)(息)(公)(开)(无)(论)(在)(信)(息)(可)(见)(性)(还)(是)(信)(息)(可)(达)(性)(方)(面)(都)(十)(分)(完)(备)(。在)(信)(息)(的)(可)(见)(性)(上)(,招)(标)(阶)(段)(是)(做)(的)(最)(为)(全)(面)(的)(。首)(先)(,主)(动)(公)(开)(的)(信)(息)(十)(分)(完)(整)(,没)(有)(缺)(失)(任)(何)(一)(项)(PPP手)(册)(当)(中)(要)(求)(的)(环)(节)(,甚)(至)(还)(包)(括)(了)(十)(分)(详)(细)(的)(讨)(论)(决)(策)(的)(会)(议)(纪)(要)(。其)(次)(,信)(息)(十)(分)(易)(见)(。信)(息)(传)(输)(的)(语)(言)(和)(媒)(介)(十)(分)(多)(元)(,保)(证)(了)(信)(息)(可)(以)(让)(更)(多)(人)(可)(见)(。招)(标)(的)(公)(告)(语)(言)(分)(别)(使)(用)(了)(葡)(萄)(牙)(语)(、英)(语)(和)(西)(班)(牙)(语)(的)(招)(标)(公)(告)(。在)(发)(布)(媒)(介)(上)(,招)(标)(公)(告)(不)(仅)(在)(官)(方)(公)(报)(上)(公)(布)(,在)(国)(家)(和)(地)(区)(的)(巴)(西)(报)(纸)(上)(也)(被)(公)(布)(。《国)(际)(投)(标)(通)(知)(书)(》也)(在)(国)(际)(报)(纸)(上)(发)(布)(,如)(《金)(融)(时)(报)(》、《纽)(约)(时)(报)(》等)(。此)(外)(,公)(共)(部)(门)(开)(发)(了)(一)(个)(虚)(拟)(数)(据)(室)(平)(台)(——与)(潜)(在)(的)(投)(标)(人)(共)(享)(相)(关)(的)(文)(件)(,其)(中)(大)(部)(分)(文)(件)(还)(被)(翻)(译)(成)(英)(语)(。这)(一)(平)(台)(使)(得)(潜)(在)(投)(资)(者)(可)(以)(无)(障)(碍)(地)(随)(时)(获)(得)(信)(息)(,包)(括)(技)(术)(研)(究)(、初)(步)(研)(究)(、招)(标)(投)(标)(、合)(同)(协)(议)(、附)(件)(等)(。在)(信)(息)(的)(可)(达)(性)(上)(,所)(有)(文)(件)(都)(是)(电)(子)(版)(本)(。申)(请)(问)(询)(和)(新)(闻)(发)(布)(会)(是)(两)(个)(提)(升)(可)(理)(解)(性)(的)(用)(户)(友)(好)(的)(做)(法)(,项)(目)(方)(提)(供)(开)(放)(且)(保)(证)(回)(应)(的)(渠)(道)(,利)(于)(信)(息)(需)(求)(者)(与)(供)(给)(者)(之)(间)(的)(沟)(通)(。潜)(在)(投)(标)(人)(可)(以)(就)(招)(标)(的)(各)(种)(问)(题)(向)(做)(法)(发)(出)(问)(询)(,而)(问)(询)(及)(官)(方)(回)(应)(会)(被)(整)(理)(成)(报)(告)(并)(发)(布)(在)(公)(共)(平)(台)(上)(。问)(询)(报)(告)(整)(理)(得)(非)(常)(详)(细)(,陈)(列)(了)(每)(一)(条)(问)(询)(、问)(询)(所)(指)(向)(的)(招)(标)(文)(件)(或)(合)(同)(草)(案)(的)(条)(款)(,以)(及)(政)(府)(对)(问)(询)(的)(回)(应)(。
四)(、巴)(西)(PPP信)(息)(公)(开)(启)(示)(
借)(鉴)(巴)(西)(PPP信)(息)(公)(开)(在)(预)(备)(阶)(段)(、建)(模)(阶)(段)(、公)(开)(听)(证)(和)(公)(众)(咨)(询)(阶)(段)(、招)(标)(阶)(段)(的)(实)(际)(经)(验)(,得)(到)(以)(下)(相)(应)(启)(示)(。
一)(是)(在)(项)(目)(识)(别)(阶)(段)(,政)(府)(要)(及)(时)(公)(布)(与)(项)(目)(相)(关)(的)(背)(景)(材)(料)(及)(简)(化)(版)(的)(物)(有)(所)(值)(评)(价)(报)(告)(、财)(政)(承)(受)(能)(力)(论)(证)(报)(告)(。简)(化)(不)(是)(删)(减)(,而)(是)(重)(构)(。即)(面)(向)(不)(具)(备)(专)(业)(知)(识)(但)(又)(利)(益)(相)(关)(的)(普)(通)(公)(众)(,政)(府)(有)(义)(务)(提)(供)(便)(于)(公)(众)(理)(解)(的)(、经)(过)(加)(工)(处)(理)(的)(有)(效)(信)(息)(,配)(以)(通)(俗)(易)(懂)(的)(数)(据)(、图)(表)(等)(。巴)(西)(PPP信)(息)(公)(开)(中)(采)(取)(的)(公)(众)(咨)(询)(和)(公)(开)(听)(证)(实)(践)(也)(值)(得)(在)(中)(国)(试)(点)(并)(推)(广)(。但)(要)(避)(免)(公)(开)(咨)(询)(、公)(开)(听)(证)(流)(于)(形)(式)(。
二)(是)(在)(项)(目)(准)(备)(阶)(段)(,政)(府)(同)(样)(要)(提)(供)(简)(化)(版)(的)(实)(施)(方)(案)(信)(息)(,尤)(其)(明)(晰)(政)(府)(与)(社)(会)(资)(本)(之)(间)(的)(风)(险)(分)(配)(、项)(目)(回)(报)(机)(制)(、监)(管)(架)(构)(和)(项)(目)(采)(购)(方)(式)(等)(与)(公)(众)(利)(益)(息)(息)(相)(关)(的)(关)(键)(信)(息)(。考)(虑)(到)(实)(施)(方)(案)(对)(PPP项)(目)(有)(效)(运)(作)(至)(关)(重)(要)(,对)(于)(实)(施)(方)(案)(的)(信)(息)(公)(开)(要)(更)(加)(精)(准)(、权)(威)(与)(便)(于)(理)(解)(。对)(此)(,可)(以)(效)(仿)(巴)(西)(经)(验)(,要)(求)(PPP相)(关)(主)(体)(提)(供)(以)(PPT形)(式)(的)(实)(施)(方)(案)(信)(息)(公)(开)(文)(件)(,涵)(盖)(关)(键)(要)(点)(并)(且)(简)(洁)(易)(懂)(,向)(公)(众)(发)(布)(。
三)(是)(在)(项)(目)(采)(购)(阶)(段)(,借)(鉴)(巴)(西)(经)(验)(,在)(财)(政)(部)(政)(府)(和)(社)(会)(资)(本)(合)(作)(中)(心)(网)(站)(上)(开)(辟)(“申)(请)(问)(询)(”专)(栏)(,潜)(在)(投)(标)(人)(可)(以)(就)(招)(标)(的)(各)(种)(问)(题)(及)(做)(法)(发)(出)(问)(询)(,所)(有)(问)(询)(及)(官)(方)(回)(应)(定)(期)(被)(整)(理)(成)(报)(告)(并)(发)(布)(在)(这)(一)(平)(台)(上)(。
【延)(展)(阅)(读)(】
【3】信)(息)(可)(见)(与)(可)(达)(——对)(巴)(西)(圣)(保)(罗)(州)(PPP项)(目)(信)(息)(公)(开)(的)(参)(与)(式)(观)(察)(
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